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(來源:老牌的英語學習網站 http://www.zxcp9.com)

對于那些認為學習只能在教室中進行的人而言,自學可能會嚇怕他們。那么我們怎么才能最好的利用自學這種新興的學習方法呢?下面以自學外語為例,為大家介紹一些小訣竅。

1. Get interested

第一步:對所學之物感興趣

Make no mistake. Your interest in the subject is the essential driver of success. You can"t learn what you do not want to learn. Emotion is an important part of the learning process. If you are even moderately interested in a subject, give yourself a chance. The key is to get started. If you can create some pleasurable routines, you may find that the subject grows on you. “L’appetit vient en mangeant” (the appetite comes with eating) as they say in French.

可別搞錯了,興趣是成功學成某件事的根本要素!你不想學的東西當然學不會。在學習過程中保持熱情至關重要。所以如果你對某件事有些興趣,那就給自己一個學習的機會。關鍵是要“開始”!如果你能創造一些讓自己開心的學習模式,那么就能好好開始學習這門科目。就像他們在法語里說的那樣:吃著吃著就有胃口了!

很多同學因為看美劇或動漫而對英語、日語產生了強烈的興趣,這就是一個很棒的開始。如果你能抓住這個興趣,把興趣發展到語言學習中,你就不僅僅能得到看劇的快樂,更能為自己添加一種新的能力。不要擔心自己學不下來,總要給自己一個機會開始。

2. Expect problems and you won’t be disappointed.

第二步:降低期望值,這樣就不會對自己失望

Don't expect to understand things, much less remember them, the first time you study them. Trust that things will get clearer as your brain comes to grips with new information. It is like a jig-saw puzzle or a cross-word puzzle. As you start to put the pieces together, or string the words together, the full picture becomes clearer. The brain learns all the time, but on its own schedule. Learning does not take place according to a schedule laid down by a curriculum or teacher. Some things are easier to learn than others. Some things just take longer to click in. Keep at it, and you will gradually find that things that seem difficult at first, will become second nature with time.

當一開始學習的時候,別指望能一下就全部理解、更別說記住所有知識點了。要相信,隨著你了解越來越多的新知識、你的頭腦也會變得清晰起來。這就像是拼圖、或者填字游戲那樣:當你把圖形一個一個拼起來、或是把單詞一一填進去,整個大局就會清楚。大腦其實隨時都在學習,不過它也有自己的節奏。學習的過程是不會按照一個課程、或是老師給你規定的進行的。有的東西比其他好學,有的東西就是需要花更多時間。堅持下去,你慢慢就會發現那些一開始看上去很難的東西也會隨著時間變得簡單了。

3. Cover the same ground from different angles.

第三步:從不同的角度學習同一個知識點。

Your brain is struggling to form patterns to cope with new input from your learning activities. Sometimes, no matter how long you focus on one subject, your brain is not going to pick it up. If you are stuck, move on. Then cover the same general information from a different source, a different book, or a podcast, or an online lecture or a video. Try to become a grazing learner, roaming the countryside, rather than a feedlot learner, just standing there in one spot, munching on the same bale of hay. The broader your base, the easier it is to learn. Just as the “rich get richer”, the more you know, the more you can learn.

在新知識的學習過程中,你的大腦會通過固有模式來接受新的知識點。有的時候,不管花多長時間對著一個科目,你就是記不住它。如果卡在這種時候,就略過它。跟著從其他的信息來源:比如不同的書籍、播客、線上課程或視頻來重新學習同一個知識點。試著把自己變成一個“放養”的學習者——在知識的草原上四處周游;而不是“圈養”的學習者——只站在一個點上學習,反復咀嚼一個知識點。看地越廣、就能學的輕松。就像是“有錢的更有錢”的道理那樣,你知道的越多、就能學的越多。

4. Be a multimedia learner.

第四步:做一個多媒體學習者

The more varied your learning content, and the more varied the ways in which you learn, the clearer the puzzle will become. Different learning activities suit different people, at different times of the day. Vary your activities in order to keep your interest level up. Even if listening and reading work best for you, treat yourself to the odd video lecture, or get-together with other learners. This will renew your batteries.

你學習的內容越多、來源越多,你就會對知識點越清楚。不同的人適合不同的學習方法,每天的學習“興奮點”也不錯。所以最好能找到自己的一套學習規律來保持自己的“興奮度”。即便聽和讀是你習慣的學習方式,也要讓自己試著去聽聽看視頻的演講、或是跟其他學習者交流。這會讓你重新充滿精力!

5. Anytime is learning time.

第五步:隨時都是學習時間!

Take full advantage of the Internet, iTunes, and various mobile devices, not to mention good old-fashioned books and magazines. Learn during “dead time”. Listen in your car, on the train, or while jogging. Have your learning with you while waiting in the doctor's office, or listen while checking out at the supermarket. Anytime is learning time. Remember, you are learning through exposure, not by nailing things down. It is more like moisture accumulation in a cloud, rather than building a brick wall.

 
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