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(來源:英語學習門戶 http://www.zxcp9.com)

2012年倫敦奧運會絢麗開幕,街頭巷尾都少不了奧運兩個字,我們也來湊個熱鬧,不過現代奧運自然精彩,古代奧運也很雋永啊,讓我們一起通過文字穿越到古代奧運,看看當時的盛況又是如何打動人心。

Ancient Olympic Games 古代奧運會

1.When was the first Olympic Games held? 第一次奧運會在何時舉行?

B.C.776.公元前776年。

2.Where was it held? 第一次奧運會在哪里舉行?

Olympia, Greece.希臘奧林匹亞城。

3.Who could compete in the Olympics? 什么樣人可以參加奧運會?

The Olympics were open to any free born Greek in the world. There were separate men' and boys' divisions for the events.

奧運會面向全世界的所有有人身自由權利的希臘人開放,分成人組和少兒組。

4.Were women allowed at the Olympics? 婦女可以參加奧運會嗎?

Not only were women not permitted to compete personally, married women were also barred from attending the games, under penalty of death.

婦女不僅不能參加,而且已婚婦女如果出席奧運會將會被判處死刑。

5.At that time, what prizes did Olympic victors get? 古代奧運會上獲勝的選手能得到何種獎勵?

A crown made from olive leaves.一個由橄欖樹葉做成的桂冠。

6.Where did people get the Olympic flame for the first Olympic Games? 第一次奧運會人們從哪里采集奧運圣火?

Olympia.奧林匹亞城。

7.What was used to light the torch at that time? 那時侯用什么點燃火炬?

The sun's rays 陽光。

8.What does the torch relay stand for? 火炬傳遞意味著什么?

Spirit, knowledge and life.精神,知識和生命。

9.When did the Olympic Torch Relay begin? 奧運火炬傳遞從什么時候開始?

The concept was revived in 1928 in Amsterdam. The Olympic Torch Relay has been a tradition since 1952.

1928年在阿姆斯特丹的奧運會上這一思想又被重新啟用。奧運火炬是從1952年以來一直沿用的一種傳統。

10. Was the marathon one of the ancient Olympic events? 古代奧運會有馬拉松運動嗎?Where did the marathon come from?馬拉松運動的起源是什么?

Never沒有

It came from the story in the 5th century B.C. how a herald named Phidippides ran the 26 miles from Marathon to Athens to announce the Greek victory and died on the spot.

它起源于公元前5世紀雅典長跑運動員費迪皮迪茲的故事,他以傳令官的身份從馬拉松到雅典跑了26英里宣告希臘在戰爭中的勝利,最后卻犧牲生命。

 
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